AbstractThe causticizing calcium carbonate (CCC) produced in the causticizing stage of the chemical recovery process in alkaline pulping of wheat straw has a high silicate content and is difficult to convert to calcium oxide in the lime kiln. The CCC can be utilized as a paper filler to avoid costly lime re-burning, but the silicate content of the CCC can have a negative impact on the wet-end chemistry of the papermaking process. In this paper, the effect of the silicate content of the CCC filler on AKD sizing was investigated. CCC fillers of various silicate contents were prepared in the lab by causticizing green liquor from the soda pulping of wheat straw and were added to fiber suspensions at the wet end of the papermaking process. The results show that the impact of the CCC filler on AKD sizing was associated with its silicate content. As the silicate content increased, the specific surface area and negative charge density of the CCC particles markedly increased, resulting in more AKD adsorption onto the CCC particles instead of fibers.