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Yu, H., Li, X., Xing, Y., Liu, Z., and Jiang, J. (2014). "A sequential combination of laccase pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis for glucose production from furfural residues," BioRes. 9(3), 4581-4595.


Furfural residues (FRs) were pretreated with laccase or a laccase-mediator (1-hydroxybenzotriazole, HBT) system to produce fermentable sugar for bioethanol production. Compared to laccase-only pretreatment, laccase-mediator pretreatment dissolved more lignin. Approximately 10.5% of the initially present lignin was removed when FRs were treated with a laccase loading of 100 U/g of dry substrate in 1% (w/w) HBT at 48 °C for 24 h in an acetate buffer (pH 4.8). The enzymatic saccharification process was carried out by a combined laccase or laccase-mediator pretreatment without washing of the treated solids. The results showed that active laccase had a negative effect on the rate and yield of enzymatic hydrolysis. Laccase-oxidized HBT seriously reduced glucose yield. However, non-oxidized HBT increased glucose yield when laccase was deactivated at 121 °C for 20 min prior to enzymatic hydrolysis. The highest glucose yield, 80.9%, was obtained from the substrate pretreated with 100 U/g of dry substrate laccase and 1% (w/w) HBT at 48 °C for 24 h in an acetate buffer (pH 4.8). Furthermore, the structures of FRs before and after laccase-mediator pretreatment were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR).
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