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D.H. Page, P.A. Tydeman and M. Hunt. A study of fibre-to-fibre bonding by direct observation. In The Formation and Structure of Paper, Trans. of the IInd Fund. Res. Symp. Oxford, 1961, (F. Bolam, ed.), pp 171–193, FRC, Manchester, 2018.


An examination has been made of the size and shape of fibre-to fibre bonds and their frequency of occurrence in paper sheets. Definitions have been proposed for parameters associated with these bond properties. The effects of beating and drying tension on these parameters have been investigated and the likely effect of other papermaking variables has been considered. The significance of the parameters in controlling the physical properties of paper is discussed.

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