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BioResources
Chen, G.-F., and Liu, M.-H. (2012). "Adsorption of L-lysine from aqueous solution by spherical lignin beads: Kinetics and equilibrium studies," BioRes. 7(1), 298-314.

Abstract

The potential of spherical lignin beads as an adsorbent to take up L-lysine from aqueous solution was investigated. The kinetic data were estimated by the pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order models. The mechanism of adsorption was also studied using the Boyd model and Webber’s intraparticle diffusion model. The equilibrium data were modeled by the Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) isotherms as well. Results suggested that the adsorption kinetics can be best described by the pseudo-first-order model. The equilibrium data could be well fitted using the Langmuir isotherm model with a maximum adsorption capacity of 67.11 mg·g-1. The adsorption characteristics of the spherical lignin adsorbent proved the feasibility of its use as an alternative adsorbent for the removal of L-lysine from aqueous solution.
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