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D. Atack. Advances in beating and refining. In Fibre-Water Interactions in Paper-MakingTrans. of the VIth Fund. Res. Symp. Oxford, 1977, (Fundamental Research Committee, ed.), pp 261-295, FRC, Manchester, 2018.


Advances in understanding the factors involved in beating chemical pulps, which have occurred since the symposium on ‘Fundamentals of Papermaking Fibres’ held in 1957, are surveyed and selectively reviewed. The status of current knowledge of refining and grinding is summarised.

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