AbstractMeasures of the resistance to algal decay of conventional (medium density fiberboard [MDF] and plywood) and novel wood-based composites (WPC) were investigated in the same or varying wood species by using an artificial accelerated test with four mixed algal suspensions (Chlorella vulgaris, Ulothrix sp., Scenedesmus quadricauda, and Oscillatoria sp.). The morphology characterization of the surface and fracture of the specimens was analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and a digital instrument. The pH value and the mass loss rate of the different wood species were also tested. The results showed that the algal resistance of the MDF and plywood were superior to that of the WPC of the same wood species. Furthermore, the algal resistance capacity of WPC made from various wood species were ranked as: Liquidambar formosana > Cunninghamia lanceolata and Melaleuca leucadendra > Ricinus communis > Eucalyptus grandis × E. urophylla and Pinus massoniana. There was a close relationship between the pH value and the algal resistance level; as the pH value increased, the alga resistance of the WPC also increased. The algal colonization only had a negative effect on the appearance of the samples.