AbstractThe suitability of saturated salt solutions as a dispersive agent for preparing microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) from bamboo processing residue through ultrasonication was evaluated. The effect of pure water and KCl solution on the rheological behavior and morphologies of prepared MFC were compared. The results show that the viscosity of MFC suspension dispersed in KCl solution decreases by several orders of magnitude compared to the water counterpart. SEM images demonstrate that MFCs with comparable quality can be prepared using either pure water or KCl solution as a dispersive agent. A high concentration of bamboo processing residue (~2 wt.%) dispersed in salt solutions was found to possess comparable viscosity with a low concentration of MFC suspension (~0.5 wt.%) dispersed in water. This indicates that the application of salt solutions as dispersive agents in ultrasonication has great potential to improve the productivity of MFC prepared from plant materials.