Bamboo is used as a raw material for producing chopsticks, artifacts, utensils, plywood, fiberboard, and decorated multi-layered panels. The manufacturing process generates a large amount of bamboo residual waste. In this study, bamboo-derived fuels were prepared from the residual waste of Dendrocalamus latiflorus, Phyllostachys makinoi, and Phyllostachys pubescens. The combustion behaviors of bamboo-derived fuels were also investigated. The characteristics of derived fuels made from bamboo waste with engine oil waste showed that the ash content was less than 5% and that the calorific value reached 5,000 kcal/kg, which was higher than derived fuels standards. Additionally, the derived fuel of bamboo waste had a high combustion efficiency and low nitrogen, sulfur, and chlorine emission levels, which were lower than the derived fuels standards. Thus, bamboo-derived fuel prepared from Dendrocalamus latiflorus, Phyllostachys makinoi, and Phyllostachys pubescens waste mixed with engine oil waste is a suitable fuel alternative.