AbstractNuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxation time distributions can provide detailed information about the moisture in wood. In this paper, the bound water content and pore size distributions in swollen cell wall of two kinds of softwoods (Pinus sylvestris and Cunninghamia lanceolata) and three kinds of hardwoods (Populus sp., Fraxinus excelsior L., and Ochroma lagopus) were determined by NMR cryoporometry. The total bound water content of swollen cell wall almost exceeds 35%, based on dry mass, which is obviously higher than the fiber saturation point (FSP) (appr. 30%) measured by the extrapolation method. The bound water content of different species is consistent with the hypothesis that with the decrease of basic density, the more bound water could be contained in wood. The proportion of the pore diameter smaller than 1.59 nm is higher than 70%, and the proportion of the pore diameter larger than 4 nm is no more than 10%.