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Yao, H., Zeng, X., Cheng, M., Yun, J., Jing, Z., and Jin, F. (2012). "Catalytic conversion of formic acid to methanol with Cu and Al under hydrothermal conditions," BioRes. 7(1), 972-983.

Abstract

Catalytic conversion of formic acid into methanol was investigated with Cu as a catalyst and Al as a reductant under hydrothermal conditions. It was found that formic acid can be converted into methanol by such means. The highest yield of methanol (30.4%) was attained with a temperature of 300 °C and a reaction time of 9 h. The AlO(OH) formed from Al oxidation may also play a catalytic role in the formation of methanol. This process may provide a promising solution to producing methanol from carbohydrate biomass combined with the process of converting the carbohydrate into formic acid, which is expected to emit no CO2.
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