NC State
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Hemmasi, A. H., Khademi-Eslam, H., Pourabbasi, S., Ghasemi, I., and Talaiepour, M. (2011). "Cell morphology and physico-mechanical properties of HDPE/EVA/rice hull hybrid foamed composites," BioRes. 6(3), 2291-2308.

Abstract

In this research, the cell morphology and physico-mechanical properties of HDPE/EVA/Rice hull hybrid foamed composites were investigated. For this aim, composites were prepared via melt mixing and then foamed using a compression molding method. Mechanical properties such as tensile strength, tensile and flexural modulus, and density were measured. Morphology of the samples was also evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results indicated that the tensile strength, tensile and flexural modulus, and density increased with the increase of rice hull content. However, with addition of blowing agent content and EVA content, mechanical properties and density of foamed composites decreased. Rice hull fibers acted as nucleating agents that substantially reduced cell size and increased cell density. In addition, EVA played an important role in foaming process by increasing the melt viscosity of the polymer matrix, in a way that samples with higher content of EVA have the highest cell density and the lowest cell size.
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