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BioResources
Yi, Q., Qi, F., Xiao, B., Hu, Z., and Liu, S. (2013). "Co-firing ramie residue with supplementary coal in a cyclone furnace," BioRes. 8(1), 844-854.

Abstract

Co-firing ramie residue with coal was carried out in a thermogravimetric analyzer and a cyclone furnace to evaluate the effects of coal fraction (0 to 30 wt. %) on combustion performance. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) results showed that devolatilisation was the predominant process when the coal percentage in the blend was below 30 wt. %. For pure biomass firing in the cyclone furnace, an optimum equivalence ratio (ER =1.16) was found. Coal additions (0 to 30 wt. %) led to less slagging/fouling problems, higher combustion temperature and higher combustion efficiency along with low pollutant emissions, while the improvement in combustion temperature was weakened as the coal blend ratio exceeded 20 wt.%. The maximum temperature in the cyclone furnace increased from 1215 to 1319°C as the coal fraction increased from 0 to 30 wt.%.
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