AbstractIn recent years, the alkaline peroxide mechanical pulping performed with refiner-chemical preconditioning (P-RC APMP) has obtained a wide application in many paper grades in China. This is due to such desirable pulp characteristics as its high bulk, opacity, and light scattering coefficient. However, compared with its bleached chemical pulps, the poplar P-RC APMP has weak bonding strength, which limits its application in value-added products. Usually, the interfiber bonding abilities of different fiber fractions are quite different. In this study, the page bonding strength index (B) and the interfiber bonding abilities (shear bond strength per unit area (b) and relative bonding area (RBA)) of different P-RC APMP fiber fractions were extrapolated by the traditional Page Equation. The results show that the higher B could be obtained when the fiber fraction was shorter or smaller. The same trend was observed for b and RBA. Wet pressing was used to improve the bonding ability, and higher pressure of wet pressing or shorter fiber fraction can lead to obviously higher tensile strength.