AbstractThe process of dehydration of glucose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), using caprolactam-lithium chloride (CPL/LiCl) as a solvent, was investigated. Dual-wavelength ultraviolet spectrophotometry provides a new approach for the determination of glucose conversion rate and yield of HMF. Experiments were performed to demonstrate the accuracy and precision of this method. Various reaction parameters, such as the ratio of ionic liquid, reaction temperature, reaction time, catalyst dosage, and solid absorbent, were investigated in detail for the dehydration of glucose. The optimal conditions were explored. Finally, a possible mechanism for the dehydration of fructose to HMF was proposed.