Interest in the use of beech as a raw material in engineered wood products for structural purpose has increased in Europe, in particular laminated veneer lumber (LVL). Indeed, this kind of product has exhibited superior mechanical properties with a lower variability compared to solid wood. This study investigated the influence of the forestry management system (e.g., high forest versus coppice) and of the veneer defects (e.g., knots and joints) on the mechanical properties of beech laminated veneer lumber (LVL) beams. The research included the measurement of modulus of elasticity and bending strength of 40 LVL beams (50 x 50 x 1200 mm3). Bending strength and modulus of elasticity of beam made from high forest wood compared to coppice wood were respectively higher by 20% and 12%. The impact of natural and manufacturing-process defects on the bending strength was studied using an X-ray imaging system. Defects in the inner layer of LVL beams were detected via X-ray. The defects produced by the manufacturing process itself had an effect on the bending strength similar to the natural defects of wood.