NC State
Guo, D.-L., Wu, S.-B., Lou, R., Yin, X.-L., and Yang, Q. (2011). "Effect of organic bound Na groups on pyrolysis and CO2-gasification of alkali lignin," BioRes. 6(4), 4145-4157.


the effect of organic bound Na groups on pyrolysis and gasification behaviors of alkali lignin, an experimental study was carried out by Thermogravimetric Analyzer coupled with Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (TG-FTIR). Acid precipitated lignin (APL) and Alkali soluble lignin (ASL) were selected as the testing samples, and physiochemical properties were studied by FTIR, 1H NMR, and SEM analyses. The research results showed that the pyrolysis and gasification characteristics of alkali lignin depended on phenolic sodium (-CONa) and carboxylate sodium (-COONa) groups (PCSG). In pyrolysis stage, PCSG improved the yields of alcohols and hydrocarbons but inhibited benzenes. During gasification stage, in the present of PCSG, the peak value of gasification rate increased, yet the initial gasification temperature decreased. Meanwhile, CO releasing was relatively concentrated and intensively increased from 37 min (740 oC) to 42 min (840 oC).
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