AbstractImpregnating wood, assisted with ultrasound technology, could improve the impregnation efficiency by improving the permeability of wood, thus affecting the subsequent drying process. Poplar lumber and phenolic resin were applied to investigate the influence of ultrasound-assisted impregnation on the wood drying process. The ultrasonic frequency and processing time were analyzed and correlated. The results indicated that the average drying rate of impregnated wood was generally faster in the earlier stage and slower in the later period than the blank group. At the earlier drying stage, the drying rate exhibited a decreasing tendency with increasing ultrasonic time, as the frequency remained constant. However, with an unaltered processing time, a contrary trend was detected as the frequency was increased. The ultrasonic frequency and time caused an complex effect on the average drying rate during the later drying course. These findings could be applied to the impregnated wood drying industry to strike a balance between ultrasound-assisted performance and the related drying effectiveness.