AbstractEucalyptus regnans was subjected to thermal treatment. The samples were placed in superheated vapors at 120, 130, 140, 150, 160, 170, 180, 190, and 200 °C at ambient pressure to determine the effect of heat treatment on the physical-mechanical properties of Eucalyptus regnans. The results showed that heat treatment played an important role in the impact toughness, nail-holding ability, surface hardness, bending strength, and bending modulus of elasticity of E. regnans. The nail-holding ability, surface hardness, bending strength, and bending modulus of elasticity of E. regnanstreated at 120 and 130 °C increased related to untreated wood, but decreased at 140 to 200 °C. The impact toughness decreased after heat treatment from 120 to 200 °C, while the bending modulus of elasticity increased. Consequently, heating at 120 and 130 °C was found to be more suitable to ensure sufficient strength.