NC State
BioResources
Hu, C., Jiang, G., Zhou, J., Xiao, M., and Yi, Z. (2013). "Effects of the thickness of the heat-treated wood specimen on water-soluble extractives and mechanical properties of merbau heartwood," BioRes. 8(1), 603-611.

Abstract

Merbau wood has a disadvantage in outdoor applications because its water-soluble extractives readily leach out and stain adjacent materials. This study examined the thickness of the heat-treated wood specimen on water-soluble extractives and some mechanical properties. The results show that heat treatment is efficient at removing the water-soluble extractives of merbau heartwood and overcoming the leaching problem. The absorbance of UV light decreased in intensity when the duration of heating was increased from 1 hour to 5 hours. The dominant absorbance peak increased from the surface layer to the core layer. The modulus of elasticity (MOE) and modulus of rupture (MOR) of heat-treated samples showed significant reductions when the heating duration exceeded a certain point. The total loss of mass during heat treatment and water extraction verified that heat treatment removes the water-soluble extractives efficiently.
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