AbstractThe effects of wear on the performance of sanding belts were determined for European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) and English oak (Quercus robur). These measurements are presented as a function of the defined sanding time of 480 min on a manual sanding belt machine. Sanding belt pressure on the piece surface (6600, 10400, 14700, and 18600 Pa), sanding direction (cutting speed vector with reference to wood fibers equal to 0°, 60° and 90°), wood hydrothermal treatment, and sanding belts from various manufacturers were the variables. The sanding belt wear was monitored by means of specific wood removal rate (g/cm2.min) in 20-min intervals by the means of reference samples with size of 50 x 50 x 50 mm, which were sanded for 1 min. The resulting curves for the sanding belts, as well as the statistical models of the wood removal rate, decreased as a function of the sanding time, described by the function y = a + b.e-ct. This work also describes the impact of wood species, optimum pressure, and grinding time on the characteristics to abrasion.