NC State
Mirski, R., Wieruszewski, M., Trociński, A., Kawalerczyk, J., and Łabęda, K. (2021). "Elastic moduli of butt-end logs and the variable knots distribution in Scots pine from Western Poland," BioResources 16(1), 1842-1853.


In studies on Polish pine wood, the parameters determining its usefulness for processing are highly variable. In contrast, international studies on the optimum utilization of coniferous sawn wood describes its visual features as those indicating the distribution of defects and their impact on the selected mechanical and physical properties of sawn wood. Knottiness is one of the qualitative properties of sawn wood that is essential for wood grading. The objective of this study was to determine a correlation between variable knots and their soundness on the one hand and their selected strength parameters on the other. One of the basic issues of this work includes structural timber optimization. For Polish sawn wood, these indicators are still relatively new. The study material involved edged butt-end log lumber from a 120-year-old forest stand. The results confirmed a correlation between knots frequency and modulus of elasticity. The correlation was strong, indicating that sound knots play a major role in the process of the strength assessments. The study did not demonstrate a significant share of rotten knots and their effect on strength.

Download PDF