A new processing technology using a nanosecond pulse laser to process micro-nano wood fiber is proposed in this paper. A test bench was designed and manufactured for the technology. The digital design process, experimental methods, and general layout principle of the test bench are introduced. When the factors that affected the results of the experiment were analyzed, it was found that cutting width and cutting depth were affected by cutting direction, cutting speed, and cutting power. The wood underwent thermal degradation near the point of processing. The results of the experiment showed that the technology is feasible.