AbstractIn China, alkaline peroxide mechanical pulping performed with refiner-chemical preconditioning (P-RC APMP) is well known to produce fiber with high bulk, opacity, and light scattering coefficient but weak bonding and strength properties. In this study, the characteristics of different P-RC APMP fiber fractions were investigated, and their effects on bonding strength properties were determined. The results showed that there was only 5.8% R30 fiber fraction and 14.1% P100/R200 fiber fraction, and the specific surface area increased from R30 to P100/R200. The tensile index increased by 51.85% and the bonding index increased by 15.35%, when the fibers were changed from the R30 fraction to the P100/R200 fraction. The short fiber fraction (P100/R200 fraction) had smaller fiber length and coarseness but larger specific surface area and greater surface charge density than the long fiber fraction (R30 fraction). The fiber specific surface area and surface charge density made significant contributions to the bonding capacity, whereas fiber coarseness and length were negatively correlated with the tensile index.