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Wang, M., Wang, X., Li, L., and Ji, H. (2014). "Fire performance of plywood treated with ammonium polyphosphate and 4A zeolite," BioRes. 9(3), 4934-4945.

Abstract

Plywood samples treated with ammonium polyphosphate (APP) and 4A zeolite were prepared to investigate the effect of zeolite on wood’s burning behavior using a cone calorimeter under a heat flux of 35 kW/m2. Results showed that APP decreased the heat release rate (HRR), total heat release (THR), and mass loss rate (MLR) of treated plywood. However, APP significantly increased the total smoke release (TSR) and carbon monoxide (CO) yield. The addition of 4A zeolite reduced the HRR, peak HRR, and THR of the plywood treated with only APP. The second HRR peak in a typical plywood curve diminished with the addition of as little as 2% 4A zeolite. The average specific extinction area (ASEA) and CO yield decreased significantly with the presence of zeolite in the APP. The ignition time did not change significantly and the TSR increased when zeolite was present. Thus, a suitable amount of 4A zeolite works synergistically with APP in promoting flame retardancy in flame retardant plywood.
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