NC State
Sugino, H., Tanaka, S., Kasamatsu, Y., Okubayashi, S., Seki, M., Miki, T., Umemura, K., and Kanayama, K. (2021). "Flow forming of wood irradiated with electron beam ― Molding load of irradiated wood and mechanical properties of the molded material," BioResources 16(2), 3895-3906.


In the flow forming technique of wood, a wood block is flowed into metal dies to mold the material into a three-dimensional complex shape. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of molding load and the mechanical properties of the molded material in the case that wood as a raw material was irradiated with electron beam (EB). The EB-irradiated wood board was impregnated with thermosetting resin and was subsequently molded into the material by adding pressure and heating in a closed metal die. It was found that the molding load of the impregnated wood was decreased with increasing the EB absorbed dose. The mechanical properties of the molded material were evaluated using modulus of elasticity (MOE) and modulus of rupture (MOR) in a three-point bending test. With increasing EB dose, MOR decreased greatly, while MOE decreased slightly. The EB irradiation on raw wood made it possible to mold the material at low load, though higher dose irradiation caused larger decreases in the mechanical properties.

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