NC State
V. Koivu, M. Decain, C. Geindreau, K. Mattila, J. Alaraudanjoki, J.-F. Bloch and M. Kataja. Flow permeability of fibrous porous materials. Micro-tomography and numerical simulations. In Advances in Pulp and Paper Research, Oxford 2009, Trans. of the XIVth Fund. Res. Symp. Oxford, 2009, (S.J. I ’Anson, ed.), pp 437–454, FRC, Manchester, 2018.


In this work we demonstrate the use of computerized x-ray micro-tomography and numerical simulations in evaluating flow permeability of fibrous porous materials. This ab-initio approach involves solving fluid flow through material samples in the actual pore space obtained by tomographic techniques. The procedure is applied here in three different materials, namely plastic nonwoven felt, newsprint and wet pressing felt. All numerical results presented are compared with experimental data for the same materials. The non-woven felt material, having a relatively simple structure, is first used as a test case for comparing two different numerical schemes, lattice-Boltzmann method and a finitedifference method. Here, values of both transverse and in-plane permeability are obtained. The transverse permeability of newsprint and wet pressing felt under varying degree of compression is then found using lattice-Boltzmann method. Finally, we apply the same approach in estimating permeability in different structural layers of the wet press felt material. These material parameters are laborious or even unfeasible to determine experimentally. The procedure is applicable e.g. in finding the relevant material parameters for macroscopic models describing calandering, drying and wet pressing processes.

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