NC State
C.T.J. Dodson, R.R. Farnood and S.R. Loewen. Forming and formation of paper. In Products of Papermaking, Trans. of the Xth Fund. Res. Symp. Oxford, 1993, (C.F. Baker, ed.), pp 183–208, FRC, Manchester, 2018.


Formation is a critical property for newsprint as well as printing and writing grades of paper. Measurements of the flow and fibre distribution properties in the forming section of an operating paper machine are related to the resulting paper structure. The 3-D M/K Analyzer is used to characterize the final paper structure in terms of the formation index and average floc size. A stochastic model is proposed to provide a basis for interpretation of the final paper formation.

Download PDF