AbstractWood and bark oil extractives components (OECs) of Pinus sylvestris, Abies alba, Picea abies, and Larix decidua grown in the Czech Republic were analyzed using gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The analysis showed the presence of monoterpene, sesquiterpene, diterpenoids, and resin acids. The highest percentages of OECs in the wood of P. sylvestris were α-fenchyl alcohol (26.04%), D-fenchyl alcohol (12.39%), and L-borneol (8.81%); the OECs in the bark included α-methyl-γ-butyrolactone (31.88%) and isodecyl octyl phthalate (15.85%). The most frequently occurring OEC in A. alba wood were 4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone (73.36%), α-cedrol (10.08%), and 2,6-dimethyl-1,3,6-heptatriene (7.35%); the most OECs in the bark were di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (59.83%), methyl cyclopentane (16.63%), and 13-epimanool (6.31%). P. abies wood OECs included 4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone (29.42%), α-cedrol (26.98%), ∆3-carene (6.08%), and terpinen-4-ol (5.42%); the most OECs in the bark were di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (30.91%), cyclohexane (12.89%), caryophyllene oxide (8.90%), and α-pinene (4.59%). OECs of L. decidua wood were α-terpineol (26.06%), isoborneol (14.12%), camphene (11.78%), D-fenchyl alcohol (10.39%), and larixol (4.85%); OECs in the bark were larixol (33.29%), phthalic acid mono-2-ethylhexyl ester (16.96%), 13-epimanool (15.40%), and cyclohexane (8.44%).