AbstractSpecific Edge Load (SEL) and Specific Energy Consumption (SEC) are nowadays the most popular parameters for defining the intensity of pulp refining. As a result, these factors are widely used in industrial practice. The purpose of this research was to determine limitations connected with use of these parameters during bleached kraft pulp refining. Performed tests showed that, despite keeping the SEL and SEC at constant level, changes of pulp refiner consistency always modified the character of the refining process. Obtained results showed that neither SEL nor SEC are fully reliable parameters to describe and to control the refining process.