Wood impregnated with styrene (ST) has a greater hydrophobicity than raw wood. Organically modified nanoclay can be used as a filler to increase the interfacial interaction between wood and ST. Raw wood shows an improved micro-structure, water uptake, modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE), and thermal properties after impregnation with a mixture of i) non-branched organic ammonium-modified nanoclay (R-NH3+-clay) and ST; and ii) branched organic ammonium-modified nanoclay ((R)2N+(CH3)2-clay) and ST. Styrene with R-NH3+-clay-impregnated wood had a higher water uptake than the ST with (R)2N+(CH3)2-clay-impregnated wood. The MOE and MOR values of the ST with R-NH3+-clay-impregnated wood were higher than the ST with (R)2N+(CH3)2-clay-impregnated wood. Below 250 °C, the(R)2N+(CH3)2-clay with ST-impregnated wood had a greater thermal stability than the R-NH3+-clay with ST-impregnated wood.