AbstractTo modify the acoustic properties of dawn redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et Cheng), thermal, ultrasonic, and combined thermal-ultrasound treatments were employed in this work. The changes in the logarithmic decrement (δ), specific Young’s modulus (E’/ρ), and extractives content were examined. The results showed that thermal and ultrasonic treatments were both essential for a decrease in the logarithmic decrement (δ) and an increase in the specific Young’s modulus (E’/ρ) of dawn redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et Cheng). A superposition effect on decreasing of the logarithmic decrement (δ) was discovered after thermal-ultrasound combined treatment. The amounts of extractives, extracted by 95 °C distilled water, 1% NaOH solution, and benzene-ethanol solution, decreased after thermal and ultrasonic treatments. Moreover, there was a linear correlation between logarithmic decrement (δ) and extractives, in which extractives from 1% NaOH solution and 95 °C distilled water had a significant effect. Finally, dawn redwood samples treated with ultrasonic power at 340 W for 9 min at a thermal temperature of 200 °C were chosen as the optimal method in this research.