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Cardona, F., Sultan, M. T., Abu Talib, A. R., Ezzah, F., and Derahman, A. (2016). "Interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) with epoxidized and acrylated bioresins and their composites with glass and jute fibres," BioRes. 11(1), 2820-2838.

Abstract

Epoxidized (EHO) and acrylated (AEHO) bio-resins from hemp oil were synthesized, and their interpenetrating networks (IPNs) were investigated in reinforced bio-composites with natural jute fibres and glass fibres. The mechanical properties (tensile, flexural, Charpy impact, and inter-laminar shear) and viscoelastic properties (glass transition temperature, storage modulus, and crosslink density) of the bio-resins and their hybrid IPNs EHO/AEHO system were investigated as a function of the level of bio-resin hybridization. The hybrid bio-resins exhibited interpenetrating network (IPN) behaviour. Composites prepared with the synthetic vinyl ester (VE) and epoxy resins showed superior mechanical and viscoelastic properties compared with their bio-resins and IPNs-based counterparts. With glass fibre (GF) reinforcement, increases in the EHO content of the IPNs resulted in increased stiffness of the composites, while the strength, inter-laminar shear strength (ILSS), and impact resistance decreased. However, in the jute fibre reinforced bio-composites, increases in AEHO content generated increased tensile modulus, ILSS, and mechanical strength of the bio-materials. Crosslink density and glass transition temperature (Tg) were also higher for the synthetic resins than for the bio-resins. Increased AEHO content of the IPNs resulted in improved viscoelastic properties.
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