NC State
França, F. J. N., Shmulsky, R., Ratcliff, T., Farber, B., Senalik, C. A., Ross, R. J., and Seale, R. D. (2021). "Interrelationships of specific gravity, stiffness, and strength of yellow pine across five decades," BioResources 16(2), 3815-3826.


The interrelationships among specific gravity (SG), modulus of elasticity (MOE), and strength (modulus of rupture, MOR) are largely the foundational basis for non-destructive evaluation and testing. Resource monitoring and commercial structural lumber production often rely upon such non-destructive evaluation to predict the bending and/or tension strength of individual members. These technologies require routine calibration. In addition, it is important to know the extent to which a given resource may change over time. To that end, this study investigated the relationship among SG, MOE, and MOR of small clear specimens from three samples taken across an approximate 50-year period; 1965 to 2018. Coefficients of determination among these variables are presented along with the prediction equations. These findings can be used to gain insight into the reliability and stability of these relationships over time.

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