NC State
A. Mautner, K. Weiland and A, Bismarck. Invited Perspective: Strong or fluffy nanopapers: how to utilise cellulose nanofibrils effectively? In Advances in Pulp and Paper Research, Cambridge 2022, Trans. of the XVIIth Fund. Res. Symp. Cambridge, 2022 (D. Coffin and W. Batchelor, eds), p 141. FRC, Manchester, 2022.


Apart from its wide application in the paper, textile and biomedical industry, cellulose is now an emerging alternative reinforcement to improve the properties of polymers. Numerous research focuses on the development of renewable nanocomposites. In this context, nanocellulose liberated from plant cell walls or produced by bacterial serves as excellent candidate due to its inherently nano-sized nature, high crystallinity and high Young’s modulus. However, numerous cellulose-reinforced polymer nanocomposites reported in literature often failed to fully exploit the fibril tensile stiffness and strength, estimated to be 114 GPa and >2000 MPa, respectively. Nanofibrils can be compounded directly into polymers as reinforcement or used in paper form to produce laminated paperbased composites.

Download PDF