AbstractA series of 4- alkyoxybenzoyloxypropyl cellulose (ABPC-n) samples was synthesized via the esterification of hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) with 4-alkoxybenzoic acid bearing different numbers of carbon atoms. The molecular structure of the ABPC-n was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and 1H NMR spectroscopy. The liquid crystalline (LC) phases and transitions behaviors were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), polarized light microscopy (PLM), and refractometry. It was found that the glass transition (Tg) and clearing (Tc) temperatures decrease with increase of the alkoxy chain length. It was observed that the derivatives with an odd number of carbon atoms are non-mesomorphic. This series of ABPC-n polymers exhibit characteristic features of cholesteric LC phases between their glass transition and isotropization temperatures.