Market globalization, with its accompanying higher living standards, food availability, and sedentary jobs noticeably affects the eating habits and lifestyles of people. Therefore, the body weight of populations is increasing globally. These changes must be taken into account when various everyday items (furniture, clothes, and shoes) are designed. Population-based studies dealing with measuring the height and body weight of adult male populations were analyzed (body mass index categories: 25 kg/m2 to < 30 kg/m2 (overweight), > 30 kg/m2 (obese), > 35 kg/m2 (severely obese)). Because of the analysis of anthropometric parameters in Central Europe, especially Slovakia, it is necessary to produce chairs with two weight categories for the common population (normal weight up to 110 kg) and a population with a higher weight. The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of the body weight of users on the load capacity and dimensions of structural elements of chairs. Following the static analysis of the load-carrying capacity of several chair types, it was calculated that the only suitable construction type for users with a higher weight is the construction with stretchers. The cross-section of the leg space and side rail increased by 20% and 25%, respectively, in the case of a 150-kg user and tenon dimensions of 10 mm × 60 mm × 30 mm.