NC State
Burawska, I., Zbieć, M., Tomusiak, A., and Beer, P. (2015). "Local reinforcement of timber with composite and lignocellulosic materials," BioRes. 10(1), 457-468.


This work compares the effectiveness of local reinforcements of pine beams. Test beams were reinforced with carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) tape and layered laminate bamboo composite (LLBC) plates. The effective length of local reinforcement reached 5% of the entire beam length. Beams were tested to determine static bending strength in accordance with the EN-408 (2012) standard. On the basis of testing and calculations, it was concluded that local reinforcement with both reinforcing materials caused a significant (p < 0.05) gain in load capacity and modulus of elasticity. The LLBC, which has a tensile strength 25 times lower and a modulus of elasticity 17 times lower than CFRP, resulted in the highest load capacity. This phenomenon is related to the more uniform stress distribution on the composite with LLBC plate - glue bond - wood layers and lower strain within the bond in comparison to the CFRP reinforcement. Therefore, critical stresses within the bond were not exceeded, which often happens in reinforcement with materials of high modulus of elasticity (such as CFRP tape).
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