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Porankiewicz, B., Axelsson, B., Grönlund, A., and Marklund, B. (2011). "Main and normal cutting forces by machining wood of Pinus sylvestris," BioRes. 6(4), 3687-3713.

Abstract

In this work the multi-factor, non-linear dependencies between main (tangential) FC (N) and normal (radial) FN (N) cutting forces and eight machining parameters by sawing simulation of wood of Pinus sylvestris L. were evaluated. The relationships are graphically illustrated and discussed. Evidence of several contradictions was found relative to results from available literature.
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