AbstractThe thermal and dielectric properties of medium density fiberboard (MDF) with different moisture contents were measured by light flash and the parallel-plane capacitor method, respectively. The results show that increasing moisture content has a positive effect on both thermal properties and dielectric properties. The higher the moisture content, the higher the thermal conductivity and dielectric properties were. The thermal conductivity of MDF with different moisture contents varies in the temperature range of 25 to 150 ºC in a double-hump pattern rather than a proportional pattern. The dielectric constant decreases with increasing frequency up to 1000 MHz. The dielectric loss factor undulates within the frequency range of 1 to 100 MHz, and the peak value occurs at around 10 MHz. The results presented in this study can be used for radio frequency heating, wood building energy, material design, and radio frequency evaluation.