AbstractThe aims of this study were to introduce a new laboratory microwave device developed for the modification of wood properties and to examine the effect of microwave radiation on moisture loss, surface temperature, and mechanical properties (the static modulus of elasticity - MOE, and the modulus of rupture - MOR) of Norway spruce (Picea abies). The device was developed for a continuous modification process. The microwave (MW) generator works at a frequency of 2450 MHz, and the adjusted output ranges from 0.6 to 6 kW. The experiment was based on four different modes of MW modification, each of them with a varied generator output and conveyor speed. Regarding mechanical properties, the results showed that a feasible output for the MW modification of the samples was up to 3 kW, with a conveyor speed of around 0.4 m/min. The greatest moisture loss, approximately 40%, was found in the group treated at 5 kW and 0.2 m/min. The highest surface temperature, 87 °C, was measured in the group treated at 5 kW and 0.4 m/min after the second passage through the modification chamber.