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Wang, Z., Bo, N., Liu, Y., Yang, G., Lv, G., and Liu, Y. (2013). "Modification of bleached eucalyptus kraft pulp by p-DMA-co-ECH and its application for the removal of acid scarlet G in aqueous solution," BioRes. 8(4), 5184-5201.

Abstract

Poly-epichlorohydrin-dimethylamine (p-DMA-co-ECH) was synthesized and was used to modify bleached eucalyptus kraft pulp (BEKP). The modified pulp (designated PDMAECH pulp) was characterized by zeta potential, FTIR, NMR, and SEM. Both the PDMAECH pulp and the BEKP were used as adsorbents to remove Acid Scarlet G (ASG) from aqueous solution. The effects of operational parameters on the efficiency of dye removal, including pH, adsorbent dosage, initial dye concentration, and contact time, were investigated. Results showed that modification could change the surface characteristics and effectively enhance the adsorption capacity. The optimum pH for ASG removal with the modified bleached eucalyptus kraft pulp (PDMAECH pulp) was found to be 4.0, and for BEKP it was 2.0. Under the optimized conditions, the maximum capacities for ASG adsorption were also investigated. The adsorption processes of both adsorption reactions were spontaneous and exothermic, and the adsorption capacities decreased with an increase in temperature. Freundlich and Langmuir models were used to analyze the obtained experimental data. The Langmuir model was found to be a better fit for the experimental data for both adsorbents. Kinetic studies showed that the rate of adsorption of ASG on both adsorbents obeyed a pseudo-second-order kinetics model. The desorption process for PDMAECH pulp was also explored.
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