AbstractThe research aimed at optimizing the conditions of pretreatment of wheat straw and of enzymatic hydrolysis of the cellulose (ethanol pulp). The ethanol pretreatment process involving acid-catalytic and enzymatic hydrolysis were evaluated for bioconversion of wheat straw to glucose. The influence of the independent process variables on cellulose yields, cellulose contents, lignin contents, and the rate of lignin removed were analyzed over a broad range by the response surface methodology (RSM). The results of the factorial experiment showed that the significant external factors affecting acid-catalytic ethanol pretreatment of wheat straw were ethanol concentration, maximum temperature, acid dosage, and time at maximum temperature. By analyzing the response surface plots, the optimum process parameters for pretreatment were obtained as follows: ethanol concentration 65%, maximum temperature 180 ºC, acid dosage 1.2%, and time at maximum temperature 60 min. Pulps with residual klason lignin ranging from 9.27% to 13.56% (w/w) were prepared from wheat straw using the acid-catalytic ethanol pretreatment process and were evaluated for bioconversion using enzymatic hydrolysis of the cellulose fraction to glucose. The effects of temperature, pH value, time of enzymolysis, and cellulase dosage on the hydrolysis yield of cellulose were separately examined.