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Zhang, Y., Cao, C.-Y., Feng, W.-Y., Xue, G.-X., and Xu, M. (2011). "Performance of a pilot-scale membrane process for the concentration of effluent from alkaline peroxide mechanical pulping plants," BioRes. 6(3), 3044-3054.

Abstract

A pilot-scale membrane process for the concentration of effluent from an alkaline peroxide mechanical pulping (APMP) plant was investigated. Specifically, the cross-flow velocity and volume reduction were optimized again for a higher flux and a lower system energy consumption. A mathematical model was established to obtain the optimal parameters. Estimates were obtained of the expected savings in energy and water. The obtained optimal concentration conditions were: molecular weight cut-off at 10,000 Dalton, trans-membrane pressure at 3 bar, feed temperature at 50 oC, cross-flow velocity at 2 m/s, and volume reduction at 0.9. The average permeate flux under these conditions was 43.21 l/m2.h. The total solids content was increased from 25.47 g/L in the feed to 128.36 g/L in the concentrate. The permeate had low total solids content of 11.03 g/L, Chemical Oxygen Demand of 9180 mg/l, and Biochemical Oxygen Demand of 5870 mg/L. Such qualities would allow the permeate to be reused in the APMP process after a light biochemical treatment. With this new membrane concentration process, about 1402 kWh energy can be saved and 22 m3 effluent discharge can be reduced for each ton of pulp produced.
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