NC State
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Yoshihara, H. (2014). "Plasticity analysis of the strain in the tangential direction of solid wood subjected to compression load in the longitudinal direction," BioRes. 9(1), 1097-1110.

Abstract

Uniaxial compression tests in the grain (longitudinal) direction of solid wood were conducted using specimens of Sitka spruce and Japanese birch. The nonlinear stress-strain behavior was analyzed using plasticity theory, which is typically applied to ductile materials such as metals. The relationship between the longitudinal and tangential directions obtained from the experimental results showed nonlinearity, as predicted based on plasticity theory. Nevertheless, it was more pronounced in the experimental results than in the plasticity analysis.
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