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Qian, S., Dai, X., Qi, Y., and Ren, H. (2015). "Preparation and characterization of polyhydroxybutyrate-bamboo lignophenol biocomposite films," BioRes. 10(2), 3169-3180.

Abstract

Four kinds of lignophenols (Lps) were derived from native bamboo (Sinocalamus affinis) lignin through phase separation system by using four kinds of phenols (p-cresol, catechol, resorcinol and pyrogallol) as derivatives and 72% concentrated sulfuric acid as catalyst. The resulting lignophenols were characterized by 1H-NMR, FT-IR, and GPC analysis. Then they were blended with polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) to cast thin biocomposite films. The mechanical properties, water-absorbing qualities, and thermal properties of films were tested and discussed. The results indicated that phase separation treatment can effectively improve phenolic hydroxyl contents of lignins. The lignin macromolecule was significantly reduced to small size and well-soluble polymers. The best amounts of added Lps in composite films depended upon the kind of phenols. In present study, the mechanical properties, water-absorbing qualities, and thermal properties of biocomposite films showed good results at less than 10% Lps’ addition. This provides a possibility that a new kind of biodegradable films can be made up of engineering plastics and lignin.
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