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BioResources
Zhong, L., Ding, Z., Li, B., and Zhang, L. (2015). "Preparation and characterization of polysulfone/sulfonated polysulfone/cellulose nanofibers ternary blend membranes," BioRes. 10(2), 2936-2948.

Abstract

Ternary blend membranes were prepared with polysulfone (PSf), sulfonated polysulfone (SPSf), and cellulose nanofibers (CNF) by a Loeb-Sourirajan (L-S) phase inversion process. The cross-section and bottom surface morphology of the membranes were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the performance of the membranes was evaluated in terms of pure water flux, bovine serum albumin (BSA) rejection, contact angle, tensile strength, and breaking elongation. The morphology of the cellulose nanofibers (CNF) was detected by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Results showed that within a certain range, the addition of SPSf improved compatibility between PSf and CNF, and the addition of CNF could improve the hydrophilicity of the membranes. The maximum value of pure water flux reached 137.6 L/m2h, and the minimum value of BSA rejection reached 95.8% when CNF content was 0.3 wt% in casting solution. Also, a certain addition of CNF could enhance the mechanical properties of the membranes.
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