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X.-Q. Chen, X.-Y. Deng, W.-H. Shen and M.-Y. Jia. Preparation and characterization of spherical nanosized cellulose by enzymatic hydrolysis of pulp fibers. In Advances in Pulp and Paper Research, Oxford 2017, Trans. of the XVIth Fund. Res. Symp. Oxford, 2017, (W.Batchelor and D. Söderberg, eds), pp 785–800, FRC, Manchester, 2018.


In this work, the pulp fibers were enzymolyzed to prepare the nano-sized cellulose (NC). The as-prepared samples were characterized by optical microscopy, electron microscopy, and Raman spectra. The experimental results indicated that enzymatic hydrolysis of pulp fibers could produce the spherical NC with a mean particle size of about 30 nm, which has the excellent monodispersity and uniformity. When the concentration of complex enzymes was 20 u/mL (cellulase: xylanase = 9:1), the yield of NC was 13.6%. The single cellulase was used, even if the concentration and time reached up to 200 u/mL, only a mixture of trip and granular flocculation were obtained. The positive synergistic effect between xylanase and cellulase could be due to the enzymolysis of hemicellulose located on the cellulose microfibers to favorable of cutting and splitting of the microfibers by the endoglycannase in cellulase. Otherwise, the additive copper sulfate could decrease formation of reducing sugar effectively.

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