NC State
Lv, Y., Long, Z., Song, C., Dai, L., He, H., and Wang, P. (2013). "Preparation of dialdehyde chitosan and its application in green synthesis of silver nanoparticles," BioRes. 8(4), 6161-6172.


A simple, green method was developed for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) by using Dialdehyde Chitosan (D-CTS) as the reducing and stabilizing agent. D-CTS was prepared from the oxidation of chitosan by sodium periodate, and its degree of oxidation was determined by 1H-NMR and elemental analysis. The synthesized AgNPs were characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The morphology and size distribution of the AgNPs were found to vary with the dialdehyde content of D-CTS and the pH value of the reaction solution. FT-IR spectra revealed that the aldehyde groups and the amino groups were the major agents that stabilized the AgNPs. XRD results indicated the presence of nano-silver having a face-centered cubic structure. SEM results showed that nano-silver particles of 30 to 40 nm in size were homogeneously dispersed in the solution. The possible mechanism of D-CTS on the reduction and stabilization of AgNPs may be due to the formation of four-coordinate complexes. The synthesized AgNPs remained stable for more than three months.
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