AbstractThe production of dissolving pulp from poplar wood residual slabs was investigated. The residual slab chips were initially prehydrolyzed and subsequently pulped by the kraft process; the resulting brownstock was bleached using a totally chlorine-free (TCF) sequence to full brightness. The pulp contained low pentosans and high α-cellulose content, and the pulp had high reactivity. Its hemicellulose content, reactivity, and degree of polymerization were within acceptable levels for a rayon-grade dissolving pulp. Thus, the residual slabs from poplar can be regarded as a viable raw material for dissolving pulp production. The reactivity of this dissolving pulp was drastically decreased after the xylanase post-treatment, which can slightly lower the pentosans levels. Simultaneously, the crystallinity index of the resulting pulp obviously decreased after xylanase post-treatment.