AbstractUsing response surface method to determine the optimal technological conditions of biomass-based precursor preparation, magnetic Fe3O4 particles were loaded on the surface and internal channel of biomass-based precursor to prepare a magnetic biomass-based solid acid catalyst using the sol-gel method. To investigate the performance of the magnetic catalyst, it was used to hydrolyze cellulose into reducing sugar, whose structure was characterized by infrared spectrum analysis. The optimum process conditions of biomass-based precursor preparation was obtained by quadratic regression model as a carbonization temperature of 549 °C, carbonization time of 13 h, sulfonating temperature of 121 °C, and sulfonating time of 6 h. Using the biomass-based solid acid catalyst to hydrolyze cellulose, a reducing sugar yield of 57.36% was obtained. Compared with the traditional solid acid catalysts, the total reducing sugar yield was increased by 65%. The infrared spectrum analysis showed that magnetic Fe3O4 particles were combined successfully with biomass-based precursor. This magnetic biomass-based solid acid catalyst has a carbon structure layer of vermicular disorder and possesses high stability.